Table of Contents Level 1 (Year 1)


Principles of Medical Ultrasound

Ultrasound Modes

Bioeffects of Ultrasound (Thermal and Mechanical Effects)

Ultrasound Artifacts

Official Statements from Professional Societies

Basic Characteristics of Ultrasound Equipment

Ultrasound transducers: principles of sound generation, compare transducer characteristics and applications.

Ultrasound Instrument Organization

Aspects of the ultrasound examination

Ergonomic practices that minimize repetitive stress injuries (positioning of operator and equipment).

Steps for the performance of first-trimester transvaginal ultrasound examination

Transvaginal Ultrasound Scanning Technique

Correct transducer manipulation and image orientation.

Ultrasound image labeling and storage.

Appropriate communication of ultrasound findings to other health professionals.

Protocol for transducer cleaning and disinfection.

Ultrasound in the first trimester

Indications: First Trimester Ultrasound

The First Trimester Ultrasound Scan

Ultrasound Evaluation of Ampullary Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy (EP)

Subchorionic hematoma

Sonographic Features of Molar Pregnancy

Association Between Thickened Nuchal Translucency (NT) and Fetal Chromosomal Anomalies

Normal First Trimester Images

First Trimester Images

Components of Basic Second and Third Trimester Ultrasound Examinations

Components of Fetal Biometry and Sonographic Dating in Second and Third Trimesters

Fetal Growth

Predisposing Factors for Fetal Macrosomia in Third Trimester

Predisposing Factors for Fetal Growth Restriction in Third Trimester

Imaging The Placenta

Imaging parameters for placental localization

Risks and indications for genetic amniocentesis

Twin Gestation

Placenta Previa and Low-lying Placenta

Methods for diagnosing oligohydramnios

Methods for diagnosing polyhydramnios

Indications for pelvic sonography

Sonographic features of the normal uterus with the menstrual cycle

Sonographic features of the normal ovary about the menstrual cycle

Characteristics of a simple cyst

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